Edward White V Family - Person Sheet
Edward White V Family - Person Sheet
NameEdward WHITE Sr
Birth26 Mar 1830, Arbroath, Angus, Scotland
Death2 Jun 1909, Philadelphia, PA, USA
FatherWilliam WHITE (1783-1848)
MotherAnn ESPLIN (1804-1886)
Marriage30 May 1851, Arbroath, Angus, Scotland
ChildrenEdward (1852-1915)
 Albert Isaiah (1854-1900)
 David Teviotdale (1856-1919)
 Ann Esplin (1857-1883)
 Alexander St Clair (1859-1899)
 Alfred (1860-)
 Amanda (1862->1928)
 William McBain (1864-1937)
 James Teviotdale (1865-1867)
 Charles James (1867-1910)
 Adeline (1869-)
 Agnes McNichol (1872-1907)
ChildrenWilliam (Illegitimate) (1864-1922)
Web Notes notes for Edward WHITE Sr
1841 -Listed in the Scottish Census taken on 7 Jun 1841, FHL film #1,042,671, Co Angus, Arbroath Parish, enum bk 2, p20 as: William Whyte, 55, male, occupation manf. overseer, born in Co Angus, living on Millgate St with his wife, Ann, 35, born in Co Angus, daughter, Katherine, 20, flax spinner, born in Co Angus, daughter, Elizabeth, 15, flax spinner, born in Co Angus, son, Edward, 10, born in Co Angus, daughter, Hellen, 8, born in Co Angus, son, James, 4, born in Co Angus, and daughter, Ann, 2, born in Co Angus.

1848 -His father died on 13 Jan and was buried at Arbroath Abbey Cemetery.

1851 -Listed in the Scottish Census taken on 31 Mar 1851 on FHL film #1,042,129, Angus Co, Parish Arbroath, Quad Sacra Parish The Abbey, Parliamentary Burgh Arbroath, Royal Burgh Arbroath, enum bk 16, p18 householder #93 as: Ann Whyte, head of family, widowed, female, 46, no occupation, born St Vigeans Parish, Forfarshire [Forfarshire = Angus Co], living at 31 Hamilton Green, a house with several other families, with her son, Edward, unmarried, age 21, flax mill overseer, born Arbroath Parish, Forfarshire, daughter, Helen, unmarried, 18, flax spinner, born same, son, James, unmarried, 14, flax spinner (River), born same, daughter, Isabella, unmarried, 7, scholar, born same, lodger, James Chalmers, 24, hand loom weaver, lodger, James Webster, 20, journeyman tailor, and lodger, James Thomson, 19, journeyman tailor.
-Edward contracted to marry Ann Teviotdale on 9 May. The marriage is recorded on FHL film #993,332, Parish Records of Arbroath Parish, Co Angus, frame 1631, p71: 1851 Surname-White, Contract-May 9th, Parties' Names-Edward White, Millforeman, & Ann Teviotdale, both in this Parish, Marriage-May 30th.

1852 -His son, Edward White Jr, was born 4 Jan in Arbroath, and baptized as an Episcopalian on 11 Jan.
-The following is a brief history of the Episcopalian Church in Arbroath taken from "History of Arbroath", FHL book, p 244-246: There was an Episcopal meeting-house in Arbroath by 1712, and the minister was Alexander Guthrie, who "did not pray for King George." The Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the official state religion, was "very jealous of these interlopers, as they regarded [the Episcopalians]." The Presbyterians tried to counteract the exertions of the ministers of the Episcopalian churches and meeting-houses, who were industrious to prevent the people from attending Presbyterian churches. To Presbyterian ministers, the very presence in their parishes of the meeting-house preachers was an offence. Part of this offence was that the Episcopalians drew off some money that the Presbyterian ministers could have made proclaiming marriages, etc. It was impossible for the Episcopalian Church to maintain its strong position in Arbroath. At the time of the Revolution, Scotland was too poor to support on an extensive scale a rival to the Estalished Church. The fact of the poverty of the people operated against the success of the disestablished Episcopal Church. Also, the part taken by the Episcopalians in supporting in the two Rebellions the lost cause of the Stuarts, ultimately came to be another reason for Episcopacy losing much ground which it at one time possessed in this part of Scotland. In 1742 there were three churches in Arbroath, a parish church [Presbyterian], an Episcopal chapel, and a chapel of Independents. Civil pains and penalties imposed in increased measure after 1845 caused Episcopacy everywhere in Scotland to diminish. Its chapels were humble in appearance, and generally obscurely placed. In Arbroath, the oldest of those old chapels is a building which stands at 55 Marketgate. Eventually, a party of Episcopalians in Scotland obtained a relaxation of the laws that pressed upon them by taking the oath to the Government. This party was called the "qualified" or "English Episcopalians." They had a chapel in Arbroath at the foot of High St on the east side, a little below John St, which included church, vestry, and clergyman's house. There was contemporaneously a nonjuring congregation, the local representatives of the Episcopacy of the Stuarts. By 1806 the nonjurors joined the qualified congregation, and together they built a church in the lower part of High St, which was a very decided improvement on all their previous places of worship. In 1852 the congregation commenced the erection of a beautiful Gothic church, with parsonage-house at Springfield. This church was consecrated at St Mary's, the name of the old chapel, on 31 Aug 1854.

1854 -His son, Albert was born on 3 Sep.

1856 -His son, David, was born on 19 Nov.

1857 -His daughter, Ann Esplin White, was born on 13 May at 6:30 PM at Ladyloan, Arbroath, Scotland. He was the informant on the birth certificate and listed himself as a flax spinning mill overseer, registered 18 May 1857. George Hay says in his book, "History of Arbroath," 941.31/A1H2h, pub 1876, on p416, "Ladyloan [street], like Ladybridge, takes its name from the chapel of Our Lady at Bridgend."

1859 -His son, Alexander St Clair White, was born on 22 Jan at 3 PM at 71 Ladyloan, Arbroath, Scotland. He was the informant on the birth certificate and listed himself as a flax spinning mill overseer, registered 28 Jan 1859.

1860 -His son, Alfred, was born.

1861 -Listed in the Scottish Census taken on 8 Apr 1861, FHL film #103,786, Angus Co, Arbroath Parish, regn dist 272, enum bk 22, p19, # of schedule 121 as: Eduard [sic] White, head of family, married, male, 31, mill overseer flax, born Forfarshire Arbroath, 3 children attending school, 15 rooms with one or more windows, living at 26 Ladyloan with his wife, Annie, married, female, 32, no occupation, born Fifeshire St Andrews, son, Eduard [sic], 9, scholar, born Forfarshire Arbroath, son Albert, 6, scholar, born Forfarshire St Vigeans, son, David, 5, scholar, born Forfarshire Arbroath, daughter, Ann, 3, born same, son, Alexander, 2, born same, and son, Alfred, 5 months, born same.

1862 -His daughter, Amanda, was born on 23 Mar at 8:45 am at 26 Ladyloan, Arbroath. He registered the birth certificate on 5 Apr, and listed himself as a flax mill overseer.

1863/64 -His son, William, was born.

1864-His son, William Gordon, by Helen Gordon, was born on 30 Jun.

1865 -His son, James was born in Nov in Scotland.

1866 -According to the 1900 US Census, he immigrated to America. According to "History of Arbroath", FHL book, p 408, the flax spinning trade suffered severely in 1857. The civil war in America gave a great development to the linen trade, which brought prosperity to Arbroath. Edward emigrated to the USA in 1866, shortly after the civil war. Perhaps that was one reason for his emigration.

18678/68 -His son, Charles was born in New York.

1868 -He filed a Declaration of Intent to Become a Citizen, FHL and Phila City Archives reel #979,016, case #W-37: In the Court of Common Pleas for the City and County of New York [Manhattan] I, Edward White, do declare on oath that it is bona fide my Intention to become a citizen of the US and to renounce forever all allegiance and fidelity . . . particularly to the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of whom I am a subject. Sworn 18 Apr 1868. [signed] Edward White.

1869 -His daughter, Adeline was born in New York. He established his woolen mill in Philadelphia this year.

1870 -Listed in the US Federal Census taken 23 July 1870, New York City, Ward 5 district 4, New York, roll M593-977, sheet 44, lines 24-34: family # 317, Edward White, 40, male, white, twine maker, owned no real estate, born Scotland, both parents foreign born, a male citizen [sic], living with:
wife Annie, 40, female, white, keeping house, born Scotland, both parents foreign born;
son Edward, 18, white, male, stonecutter, born Scotland, both parents foreign born;
son Albert, 17, white, male, stonecutter, born Scotland, both parents foreign born;
son David, 16, white, male, twine maker, born Scotland, both parents foreign born;
daughter Annie, 13, female, white, a waterfall maker, born Scotland, both parents foreign born;
son Alex, 12, white male, born Scotland, both parents foreign born; attended school;
daughter Amanda, 8, white female, born Scotland, both parents foreign born, attended school;
son Willie, 6, white male, born Scotland, both parents foreign born, attended school;
son Charles, 3, white male, born New York, both parents foreign born;
daughter Adeline, age 9/12, white female, born New York, both parents foreign born; born in May.

1872 -His daughter, Agnes, was born about this year.

1872 -He became a citizen of the US on 26 Oct at Philadelphia. His naturalization papers are recorded at the Phila City Archives, reel #979,016, case #W-37: To the Honorable the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas for the City and County of Philadelphia, The Petition of Edward White a native of Scotland, Respectfully sheweth that he declared on oath before the Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas City and County of NY on the 18th day of April 1868 that it was and still is bona fide his intention to become a citizen of the US, and of renouncing forever all allegiance and fidelity to . . . the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland of whom he was at that time a subject: That he has resided within the US upwards of five years and one year within the State of Pennsylvania . . . He therefore prays . . . that he may be admitted as a citizen of the USA [signed] Edward White. 2232 Ballohill St. Charles J Rainey, a citizen of the US, being duly sworn . . . saith that he knows and is well acquainted with Edward White the Petitioner; that to his knowledge he has resided within the USA for upwards of five years and one year within the State of Pennsylvania . . . he has behaved as a man of good moral character . . . Sworn 26 Oct 1872. OATH. I, Edward White, do swear that the contents of my petition are true; that I will support the Constitution of the US . . . and I do absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to . . . the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland of whom I was before a subject. Sworn in open Court 26 Oct 1872. [signed] Edward White. He is listed in the 1872 Philadelphia City Directory, p 1375 as: White Edward, ( E. White & Co) h 2232 Fairhill

The Philadelphia Inquirer, Mon, 10 Nov 1873, page 3:
The establishment of Edward White, manufacturer of coverlets, shawls, etc., on Waterloo street, above Columbia avenue, has not suspended work, as reported. Mr. White has thirty-two looms and employs seventy-five hands, all of whom are now working on full time.

1874 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1383 as:
White Edward, shawl mfr, N 5th c Columbia av & 1710 Gtn av, h 2024 Camac

The Philadelphia Inquirer, Tue, 10 Feb 1874, page 3:
A large meeting of journeymen hand-loom shawl weavers was held last night in Germania Hall, corner of Hancock and Diamond streets. James Black presided, and in calling the meeting to order counseled firmness and perseverance among the weavers in insisting upon their rights. The following reports from shops in Camden and in this city were read: — . . . men in Edward White’s factory all on strike . . . After giving instructions to committees from the several shops, the meeting adjourned to meet at the call of the Chair.

Philadelphia Inquirer, Thu, 19 Nov 1874, page 3:
Further Trouble With The Employees of Dobson’s Mill
Yesterday morning a meeting of the employees of Messrs. Dobson’s mills, who are dissatisfied with the acceptance of the proposition for a reduction of their wages, was held at Hehenhadel’s Park, Mr. Harry Rawley in the chair; Mr. Edward White, secretary. . . .

1875 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1582 as:
White Edward, cotton goods mfr, 1710 Gtn av, h 2024 Camac
His son, Edward, is listed as living & working there, too.

1876 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1588 as:
White Edward, woollen goods, 1710 Gtn av, h 2020 N 12th
His sons, Albert & Edward, are listed as living there, too, & his son, Edward, is listed as working at the same locale.

1877 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1534 as:
White Edward, cotton gds, 1710 Gtn av, h 1923 N 7th

1878 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1652 as:
White Edward, worsted yarns, 1710 Gtn av, h 1917 N 7th
His son, Edward is listed as working there, too, & his son, David, is listed as living at home

1879 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1708 as:
White Edward, woollengoods, 1711 N 5th & 1740 Gtn av, h 1917 N 7th
His sons, Edward & Albert, are listed as living there, too.

Philadelphia Inquirer, Fri, 29 Aug 1879, page 2:
Before Magistrate Severn yesterday morning, Alexander Leetham, until recently a book keeper at the woolen mills of Edward White, Thirtieth street and Columbia avenue, had a hearing on the charge of forgery, embezzlement and larceny. For five years the accused had been employed at the mills, and was eld in high esteem by his employers and others. His connection with Mr. White was dissolved a few months ago. The other day a man named Kane appeared before Magistrate Severn, charging Leetham with false pretenses in “beating” him out of two boxes of shears. On that charge Leetham was held in $500 bail. Mr. White heard of the case, and, as he says, thought he would look over his books and see if they were all right.
The result of that investigation led him to seek the advice of counsel F. A. Bregy, and on Wednesday, upon the following affidavit a warrant was issued for the arrest of Leetham;
“Commonwealth vs. Alex. Leetham - Embezzlement. - Edward White, being duly sworn according to law, says: That Alex. Leetham had been in his employ as book keeper, and that while in such position he has embezzled large sums of money, the property of this defendant.”
Sworn and subscribed before me this 27th day of August, 1879.
Mr. White, at the hearing, testified that it was the habit to pay the hands at the mill semi-monthly. The name of each was set down on a piece of paper with the respective amount of his or her wages set opposite. It was the duty of the book keeper to do the clerical part of the work and then add up the list. Then a son of Mr. White went over the list, added it up and verified the total. The investigation by Mr. White within the past few days led him to believe that after the son had looked at the total the book keeper then changed the figures, which were in lead pencil to a larger amount which was set down in ink. The check then went to bank, and upon the receipt of the cash it was the duty of the bookkeeper, assisted by another son, to separate each employer’s [sic] wages. In this way was he enabled to pocket the overcharge if such it was.
The prosecutor claimed that he has discovered peculations to the amount of $8000, the sums at each theft embracing about $150. He thought that he would be able to trace the embezzlement to a much larger sum. The accused, through his counsel, asserted his entire innocence. Counsel for the prosecution stated that owing to the law under which the Water Department clerks were convicted the changing of the accounts constituted a forgery. The magistrate held the accused in $3000 bail on each charge, or $9000 in all. In default of this amount the accused was committed.

The Times (Philadelphia) Fri, Aug 29, 1879, page 4:
Some months ago Alexander Leetham, confidential book-keeper at Edward White’s woolen mills, at Fifth street and Columbia avenue, resigned his position after five years’ uninterrupted and, as Mr. White believed, conscientious service. Mr. Leetham had a good social standing and was supposed to be in easy circumstances. A few days ago a managed Kane charged Leetham before Magistrate Severn with swindling him out of two boxes of cigars. The defendant was held in $500 bail to answer this charge, and his arrest led Mr. White to examine for the first time the accounts of his late book-keeper. This investigation resulted yesterday in Mr. White’s causing the arrest of Leetham on the charge of forgery, embezzlement and larceny He was held in $9000 to wear in court, and his bondsman wh9 had entered security in the swindling case refused longer to be held responsible for the prisoner’s appearance, and Leetham went to prison with four indictments hanging over him.

The Times (Philadelphia) Thu, Oct 16, 1879, page 1:
An Ingenious Manner In White Embezzlement Is Alleged To Have Been Committed.
Alexander Leetham, a well-dressed and generally prepossessing young Englishman, with coal-black side-whiskers, carefully kept, was put upon trial before Judge Allison yesterday, chawed with embezzling $24,000 from Edward White, manufacturer of dress goods, shawls, and quilts, at Sixth street and Columbia avenue. Assistant District Attorney Ker and F. Amedes Bregy acted for the Commonwealth and James H. Heveria was counsel for the defendant.
Mr. White, the only witness called, gave testimony from which it appears that Mr. Leetham entered his employ in 1874 and remained there as book-keeper until last May. It has been the custom to pay the hands of the establishment, nearly 350 in number, every two weeks. To prepare for payday Mr. Leetham would take from the books the names of the employees, with the respective amounts due them for wages, and place them in envelopes. He would also add up the pay-roll to show the entire sum thus due. Mr. Leetham having drawn a check for this amount Mr White would sign it, without examining the book-keeper’s addition, take ti to the bank and draw the money upon it. Having returned to the office, Mr. White would place the money u0on a desk before himself and Mr. Leetham, and then, guided by the figures place by Mr. Leetham upon the backs of the envelopes, he would count out the money and enclose it for the hands. Mr. Leetham was the only person beside Mr. White who could see the money after it was drawn from the bank until it would get into the hands of the employees.
About 7 weeks ago, over three months after Mr. Leetham had left the establishment, Mr. White head sayings about his late book-keeper that aroused his suspicions. He then recalled reasons given by Mr. Leetham for being “out of sorts” on certain mornings, sometimes once or twice a week. The book-keeper, who was receiving $15 a week from Mr. White, would say that he was trying to make a few extra dollars by “condensing articles” in the Public Ledger office at night, and Mr. White, in sympathy, would often, on such occasions, tell Mr. Leetham to go and take a little nap. As soon as Mr. White began to suspect his late book-keeper he set about examining the accounts. The consequence was a discovery that Mr. Leetham had made a practice of putting as a total, at the foot of the pay-roll column, a sum much larger than the correct additives would reach. As Mr. White had always placed alongside of the envelopes the sum of money indicated by that total, it now seemed clear to him that while he would be engaged in placing envelopes in the safe Mr. Leetham would abstract from the pile of money the amount in excess of the true aggregate of the wages, and, of course, when all the envelopes were filled, no money would remain. It is alleged that this series of embezzlements extended throughout a period of about four years that the excess of Mr. Leetham’s addition over the true amount was, in most cases, just $350; that in the last two years of Mr. Leetham’s service the peculations amounted to $17,000, and in the whole four years to $24,000.
The trial will be resumed today.

The Times (Philadelphia), Sat, Nov 1, 1879, page 4:
He Declare His Innocence In Court Before Going To Prison
Alexander Leethem, convicted recently before Judge Allison on five bills of indictment charging him with the embezzlement of $24,000, the property of Edward White, a manufacturer, by whom he had been employed as a book-keeper, was yesterday brought up for sentence. The Judge said that he had examined the pay-rolls, as the prisoner had requested, and compared them with the checks drawn to pay off hands, and in many instances the checks were for larger amounts than the figures on the pay-rolls. He had no doubt that the prisoner had on each occasion appropriated the difference and tried to cover u the deficiency by altering the pay-rolls afterwards. Therefore, the general statement which he had made was not confirmed by the examination. The allegation of the prisoner that his employer had made up false stock accounts for purposes of his own, even if it were true, had nothing to do with the prisoner’s crime, and there remained nothing for him to do but punish him. He then asked the prisoner whether he had anything to say before sentence was pronounced. The prisoner claimed that he was innocent and maintained that the defense which he had set u was correct in every particular. He said that the Court had given him a fair chance to establish his innocence, but still he did not think he had been properly tried. He should have been convicted on the evidence and not on the insinuation of counsel. He was not a ticket-of-leave man from Australia, as counsel intimated, and he desired to contradict the assertion in order to set himself right before the public. He also complained that one of the jurymen that sat on his trial was asleep half the time and did not listen to the evidence; that another had pronounced him guilty before the case had got fairly under way, and that another one had been sent to Moyamensing?? himself for a crime shortly after the termination of the case. In conclusion he said: “I tell you I am innocent, but if I have to be punished, I would rather be Alexander Leethem to-day than Edward White.” The judge said he did not believe the story set up by the prisoner, nor did he think the manner in which the prisoner had resented himself to the jury tended to strengthen or confirm his statements. He had refused to answer certain questions which were held to be legal, notwithstanding that his counsel advised him to answer them. In a measure he had ruined his own case, but his counsel, Mr. Heverin, with great ability, had done the best he could for him under the circumstances. Were it not for the fact that the prisoner had afterwards laid legal grounds for not answering the questi9ns by alleging that to do so would tend to criminate him he would make his punishment severer. The Judge then imposed a sentence of five years upon the prisoner. Shortly after the sentence was pronounced, the prisoner fainted and was removed to one of the ante-rooms in the new Court House to recover. Later he was taken down to prison in the van.

1880 -He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directory, p 1773 as: White Edward, woollen goods, N 5th c Columbia av, h 1201 N 12th
-He is listed in the 1880 US Census taken on 7 June 1880 at the National Archives, roll 1186, PA, City & County of Philadelphia, e.d. 588, sheet 15, dwelling #112, family #118, line 20 as: Edward White, W, M, 50, married, cotton & woolen manufacturer, born Scotland, both parents born Scotland, living at 2001 N 12th St with his wife, Annie, daughter, Annie E, son Alexander, daughter Amanda, son William, son Charles, daughter Adle, and daughter Agnes.

1881 - The New York Times, Wed, Apr 27, 1881, page 8:
Reports received in this City from Philadelphia state that E. White & Sons, manufacturers of woolen and worsted goods, at Columbia-avenue and
Fifth-street, Philadelphia, have suspended. The business was established many years ago by Edward White, who failed in 1873, and compromised at 50 cents on the dollar. In January he admitted his four sons into partnership, at which time the firm, it is said, claimed a surplus of $60,000. They did a very large business for the capital invested employing at times as many as 300 hands. It is thought that the suspension will be only temporary, as several of the principals creditors have agreed to grant an extension. The liabilities are re0orted at $125,000. They have a large amount of goods on hand, and with their commission house and being unable to dispose of them, they became embarrassed for ready money and were compelled to let their papers to protest, which, it is said, they need not have done had they jade known their condition to their friends.

1881 - The Times (Philadelphia), Thu, Apr 28, 1881, page 2:
The firm of Edward White & Sons, woolen and worsted goods manufacturers, at Fifth street and Columbia avenue, who suspended payments a few days ago, were yesterday carrying on work as usual. It is believed the suspension will be only for a time, as several of the principal creditors have agreed to grant an extension of time, and it is not regarded as probably that the mill, in which nearly three hundred hands are employed, will have to be closed. The business was established by Edward White in 1869, who failed in the spring of 1873 in consequence of an injunction placed upon their goods, as the result of a suit regarding a patented process for the manufacture of shawls. A settlement was effected on a basis of fifty cents on a dollar The present embarrassment, it is said, was brought about by inability to sell goods, a large stock of which are on hand, causing a want of ready money. The liabilities are about $125,000. No other house, it is said, is dangerously involved.

1881 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Thu, Apr 28, 1881, page 2:
Suspension of a Firm of Woolen Manufacturers
Messrs. Edward White & Sons, manufacturers of woolen and worsted goods, at the northeast corner of Columbia avenue and Fifth street, have suspended, with liabilities in the neighborhood of $125,000. It is stated, however, that the suspension will be only temporary as several of the principal creditors have agreed to grant an extension. The assets are claimed by the firm to be large enough to cover their entire indebtedness. They have a large amount of goods on hand, and, being unable to dispose of them, the firm became embarrassed for ready money, and were compelled to let their paper go to protest, which, it is said, they could easily have prevented had they made known their situation to their creditors and numerous friends.
The firm was established many years ago by Edward White, who failed in the spring of 1873, at which time he effected a settlement by compromising his indebtedness at fifty cents on the dollar.
The cause of the failure in that year was attributed to litigation with Thomas Dolan & Co., who brought suit against Mr. White for infringing on certain patterns for which Dolan & Co. held exclusive right. They also issued an injunction prohibiting him from manufacturing and selling the goods. The matter was not decided until the season was too far advanced to dispose of the goods, and, in consequence, he was unable to meet his obligations.
In January he had admitted his four sons into partnership, at which time the firm claimed a surplus of $60,000. They did a large business for the capital invested, employing between three and four hundred hands. The failure has not resulted in the stoppage of the mill, and the firm anticipate that everything will be arranged satisfactorily and not require that necessity. A statement of their affairs is being prepared, and will be submitted to the creditors at an early day, and in the meantime the fir will go on as usual.

1881 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Thu, 2 Jun 1881, page 3:
Yesterday in Court of Common Pleas, No. 1, four members of the firm of Edward White & Sons were before Judge Peirce on a warrant of arrest. The firm, who were manufacturers of woolen goods at Fifth and Columbia avenue, failed in April last, and the suit was by two creditors who allege that in violation of good faith a part of their goods were received by the defendants after they knew that the failure was to take place. Only one witness was heard, and the case went over to this morning.

1881 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Fri, Jun 3, 1881, page 3:
White & Son’s Mill Hands Receive Their Wages in Full
When the failure of Edward White & Sons, woolen manufacturers, Fifth street and Columbia avenue, occurred some weeks ago, the firm were indebted to their hands for three week’s work. On the usual pay day the hands were notified that, owing to the financial embarrassments of the firm, they would not be paid until the following Tuesday, three days later. At that time, however, the mill was shut down and the three hundred employees informed that the wages due them would not be paid for a week, at which time the mill would again be started and operated by the assignee. When the concern again started many of the old hands went to work, although a number refused to work any longer for the firm.
The money was not forthcoming at the time specified, which caused considerable annoyance to those to whom it was due, and applications were frequently met with the statement “that all would be paid in a few weeks.” Yesterday notice was given the hands to call at three o’clock in the afternoon. Quite a number put in an appearance promptly at the hour, when they were told that the amounts due them would be paid at six o’clock. The crowd waited with some misgivings, but at the hour named each was given an envelope containing the amount due. The manufactory is in full operation under the direction of the assignee.

1882 - The Times (Philadelphia), Sun, 29 Jan 1882, page 5:
Judge Thayer, in an opinion delivered yesterday upon rules taken by White & Sons, the bankrupt manufacturers, to dissolve several attachments taken against them by creditors and in connection with which fraud was alleged, said: “The fraudulent removal and concealment of $10,000 is, in the opinion of the Court, proved beyond a reasonable doubt.
When, after numerous evasions and falsehoods, it was at last brought home to the defendants by the creditors the only reparation offered by the debtors was that they would add the amount to the schedule of their assets furnished as a basis for settlement of the claims of their creditors. There was no offer to pay and not even an offer to make a general assignment for the common benefit of all interested. There are strong reasons for believing that the fraudulent removal and concealment of $10,000 was not the only fraud resorted to and that the alleged insolvency was fraudulent from the beginning.” The rule was discharged.

1882 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Mon, Jan 30, 1882, page 3:
Judge Thayer, Saturday, rendered a decision sustaining four attachments issued by creditors against the late firm of White & Sons, the up-town manufacturers. These attachments were under the act of 1869, which can only be invoked when th debtor is fraudulently attempting to secrete his goods in order to defraud his creditors. The defendants’ counsel moved that these attachments be dissolved, but Judge Thayer refused the motion, saying that the object of the act is to enable creditors to obtain an immediate lien upon the property of fraudulent debtor against whom the law has provided a more summary method of proceeding than the ordinary one.

1882 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Thu, May 11, 1882, page 3:
The following cases were tried in the civil courts yesterday: . . . Richard Kershaw vs. E. White & Sons; suit to recover for yarn. Verdict for plaintiff, $5130.75. . . .

1882 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Mon, Sep 25, 1882, page 1:
The mill of Edward White & Sons, at Fifth street and Columbia avenue, employing over 300 hands, was compelled to stop work.

1883 -His daughter, Annie, died on 24 Aug and was buried in the White family plot at Mt Moriah Cemetery, Phila. They were living at 2048 N 11th St, Phila.

1884 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Thu, 10 Jan 1884, page 3:
Supreme Court [of Pennsylvania]
List of cases to be argued to-day:
. . . E. White & Sons vs. Thielens & Co. . . .

1884 - White vs. Thielens, Pennsylvania Supreme Court, 31 Mar 1884
https://books.google.com/books?id=r9XzAAAAMAAJ&...%22%20%22supreme%20c ourt%22%20Thielens&pg=PA173#v=onepage&q=%22Edward%20White%22%20%22supreme%20court%22%20Thielens &f=true

1886 -His mother died on 8 Nov and was buried at Arbroath Abbey Cemetery.

1890 - The Times (Philadelphia), Fri, Sep 5, 1890, page 6:
Agent Thompson Authorized to Appoint His Assistants
General Special Agent Thompson, who has charge of the collection of manufacturing statistics in this city, received from Washington yesterday the list to be submitted to Special Agent Williams with commissions authorizing the appoint of the following named persons to assist in collecting the manufacturing statistics of this city for the 11th census:
. . . Edward White, 2009 Camac street . . .

1892 -His wife died on 18 Nov, and was buried in the family plot at Mt Moriah Cemetery. They were living at 2009 Camac St, Phila.

1900 -Listed in the 1900 US Census taken on 11 June 1900 at the National Archives, film T623 roll 1473, PA, Phila Co, City of Philadelphia, 32nd Ward, e.d. 804 sheet 10B line 52 as: Edward White, boarder, w, m, b Mar 1830, 70, widowed, no occupation, b Scotland, both parents b Scotland, immigrated in 1866, in the US for 34 years, naturalized, can read, can write, can speak English, living at 2027 Camac St, Phila. He was a boarder at the home of the Baldauf family, Anthony, his wife, Mary, Anthony’s brother, John. This Mary Baldauf is the woman named as co-executor and beneficiary of Edward’s will.

1903 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Mon, Jul 6, 1903, page 6:
Several important meetings were announced for the ensuing week. . . . and the employees of the Edward White & Co. cloth mill will meet at 2 P.M. at 2905 North Front street. . . .

1903 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Tue, Jul 28, 1903, page 2:
The employer [sic] of the Tioga Textile Company, Emerald and Adams streets, will hold a meeting at half-past 2 o’clock this afternoon at Cloth Weavers’ Hall, 2905 North Front Street. . . .

1903 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Wed, Jul 29, 1903, page 9:
. . . The Tioga Textile Company’s employes [sic] met at Cloth Weavers’ Hall, 2905 North Front street, and sent a committee to see the firm yesterday afternoon. The latter refused to make any concessions, however.

1903 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Sun, Aug 2, 1903, page 2:
Situation Apparently No Nearer a Settlement Than It Was Nine Weeks Ago
The close of the ninth week of the textile strike finds 60,000 workers still unemployed, apparently as determined as ever to prolong the struggle indefinitely for the 55-hour week. Shop meetings were held yesterday by the employes [sic] of the Tioga Textile Company, . . . all manufacturers of cloth . . . In every instance the position originally taken in favor of the 55-hour movement was reaffirmed. . . .

1906 - The Philadelphia Inquirer, Sun, Dec 9, 1906, page 2:
Announcement was made yesterday to the employes [sic] of the Tioga Textile Company, at Emerald and Adams streets, that beginning tomorrow an increase amounting to 10 percent of their wages will be granted the fifty weavers employed by the firm. The new rate for those on time work will amount to twenty-three cents per hour.

He is listed in the Philadelphia City Directories as:
year page listing
1902 2595 White, Edwd, h 2027 N Camac
1903 2649 "
1904 2662 "
1905 2670 "
1906 2728 "
1907 1841 "
1908 2057 "
1909 2069 "

1907 -He made his will. It is recorded on LDS film #1,311,086, Wills, Phila, v307, p 255-7. It states #1245
Know all men by these presents that I Edward White of Phila Pa being in good health and of sound and disposing mind and memory do make and publish this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking all former wills by me at any time heretofore made. And as to my worldly estate and all the property real personal or mixed of which I shall die seized and possessed or to which I shall be entitled at the time of my decease I devise bequeath and dispose thereof in the manner following
First My will is that all my just debts and funeral expenses shall by my executors hereinafter named be paid out of my estate as soon after my decease as shall by them be found convenient. I also desire that my executors purchase and have placed over the graves of myself and wife headstones of same pattern and quality as now mark the graves in the family plot at Mount Moriah Cemetery.
I give and bequeath to Mrs. Mary K. Baldauf the sum of Five Hunded Dollars the same to be paid to her by my executors hereinafter appointed within 6 months after my death. I also bequeath to said Mrs. Mary K. Baldauf the furniture clocks pictures and bric a brac etc belonging to me with the following exceptions.
I give and bequeath to my son William, the oil painting portraits of myself and wife also my watch and chain. I also bequeath to my son William or his heirs the amount of insurance payable on my policy of Insurance in the order of United Workmen.
I give and bequeath to Mrs. Mary K Baldauf and the widow and children of my son Alexander the amount of Insurance payable on my policy of insurance in the order of Sparta, to be divided between them as I have stated on policy of said order of Sparta.
I give and bequeath to my niece Mrs. Edna Siner my Masonic watch charm or pendent.
I give and bequeath to my son David my gold headed cane.
All the rest of my estate of which I die seized and possessed or to which I shall be entitled at my decease I give devise and bequeath to be equally divided between and among my sons and daughters or their heirs.
And lastly I do nominate and appoint my said son William and Mrs Mary K Baldauf to be the Executors of this my last Will and testament and desire that they serve without bonds.
In testimony whereof I the said Edward White have to this my last Will and testament contained in two sheets and to each sheet thereof subscribed my name and affixed my seal this 22 day of July 1907. Signed by Edward White.
Signed sealed published and declared by the said Edward White as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who at his request and in his presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as Witnesses thereto Wm D. Crommie S. E. Cor Broad & Columbia Ave Phila, Robert E Fabian, S.E. cor Broad & Columbia Ave Phila. City and County of Philadephia ss. Registers Office June 9th 1909. Then personally appeared Wm D. Crommie and Robert E. Fabian the subscribing Witnesses to the foregoing last Will dated July 22nd 1907 of Edward White deceased and on their solemn Oath did say that they were present and did see and hear Edward White deceased the testator therein named sign seal publish and declare the same as and for his last Will and Testament and that at the doing thereof he was of sound disposing mind memory and understanding to the best of their knowledge and belief. Sworn and subscribed before me the above date, Charles Irwin, Register. City and County of Philadephia ss. Registers Office June 9th 1909, We do swear that as the Executors of the foregoing last Will and Testament of Edward White deceassed We will well and truly administer the goods and chattels rights and credits of said deceased according to law and that We will diligently and faithfully regard and well and truly comply with the provisions of the law relating to Collateral Inheritances that the said Testator died on the 2nd day of June AD 1909 at 6:35 O'clock AM, Sworn and subscribed before me the date above and letters Testamentary granted unto them Charles Irwin, Register. William White 2953 N 12th St, Phila. Mrs. Mary K Baldauf, 2047 N Camac St, Phila. It is ordered and decreed June 9th 1909 that the above last will dated July 22nd 1907 of Edward White deceased Be Admitted to probate. Chas Irwin, Register.

1909 -He died on 2 Jun. Philadelphia Death Certificate #13,338. It states Deceased Edward White, male, white, widower, born 26 Mar 1830, died 2 Jun 1909 age 79 years, 2 mon, 7 days, I attended deceased from 29 Sep 1907 to 1 Jun 1909. I last saw him alive on 1 Jun 1909. Death occurred at 6:30 am Cause of death was paresis for 6 months and contributory cause was chronic nephritis for years. Dr. Jaines?, MD of 1920 N 12th St. Occupation manufacturer, born Scotland, father William White born Scotland, mother born Scotland, place of death 2027 N Camac St, ward 32, buried from 2027 N Camac St on 5 Jun 1909 at Mt Moriah Cem, John H Deperven, undertaker, of 1633 N 11th St. According to the records of Mt Moriah Cemetery, at the Penna. Historical Society, Phila, film 777:3, he was buried at Mt Moriah on 3 Jun, age 79, buried section 17, lot 15, 2d from SE corner, permit #83453.

-Philadelphia Public Ledger, Thursday, 3 Jun 1909, p9 cols 6&7:
WHITE.-On June 2, 1909, EDWARD WHITE, husband of the late Anne W. White (nee Teviotdale) aged 79 years. Relatives and friends, also members of Lodge 432 F. and A.M.; Quaker City Lodge, No. 116, A.O.U.W., and Homer Senate, No. 22 Order of Sparta, are invited to attend the funeral services at his late residence, 2027 North Camac st. on Friday, at 8 p.m. Interment private on Saturday, at 10 a.m.

-Philadelphia Public Ledger, Saturday, 5 Jun 1909, p9 col 7:
WHITE.-On June 2, 1909 Edward White, husband of the late Anne W. White (nee Teviotdale), aged 79 years. Interment private on Saturday at 10 a.m.

-His will and estate papers, 1909 #1245, filed with the Phila Wills Archives, show that the household furniture and bric a brac bequeathed to Mary K Baldauf were valued at $44.95, plus she had a legacy of $500. In addition, she was the beneficiary of his insurance policy. The executors of the will were William White of 2953 N 12th St, Phila, and Mary K Baldauf of 2027 N Camac St, Phila. The Petition for probate, filed by the executors on 9 Jun showed that E1 died at 2027 N Camac St on Wed, 2 Jun 1909 at 6:35 am. His personal property was estimated at $1,800.

-The inventory, in inventory bk #52 p472, completed by Frank S Speir and John F Fitzpatrick, was filed 21 Jun 1909. It shows E1 owned cash of $250, bank account of $140, stock in J.B. Stetson Co of $1,560 and $480, 2 oil protraits worth $2, gold watch and chain worth $30, masonic watch worth $2, gold headed cane worth $2, 8 piece parlor set worth $7.50, 10 pictures worth 50¢, walnut rocker worth $1, steamer chair worth 5¢, reclining chair worth 50¢, library table and books worth $1, walnut bedstead worth $5, bureau and washstand worth $5, mattress worth 5¢, 2 pillows worth 25¢, down quilt worth 50¢, 2 bureaus worth $10, 4 pictures worth 50¢, what not worth $1, mantel mirror worth $5, gilt clock worth $1, marble table top worth 50¢, extension table worth $2, piano stool worth 5¢, 2 bed spreads worth 25¢, small reed organ (accordian) worth 25¢, 2 chairs worth 55¢, portrait worth 50¢, and a gas lamp worth $2, for a total value of his estate worth $2,510.95.

1909 account bk 272 p545 - The account was NOT in with his estate papers!
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